There are three types of postgraduate degree in Australia: course work, research and master with honours. Course-work programs can also be divided into Graduate Certificate, Graduate Diploma and Master degree. If students cannot get to the master degree directly, they can do a Graduate Certificate or Graduate Diploma first. Master by research degree has stricter requirements. Generally speaking, students need to have a close connection with professor.
Doing a postgraduate degree in Australia costs less than in the UK and the USA. The duration of some postgraduate degrees in Australia are just 1-1.5 years.